Archive for the ‘The National Anthem’ Category

The Quest

September 24, 2017

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By Dahni
© 2017, all rights reserved

Good Morning WE the People!😃🇺🇸

I do not generally, recommend products and services other than my own, but this one is right up my flagpole so to speak…

My flagpole May 30, 2016

…and brings a tear of joy to my eye…

Tear of Joy

With all the ‘take a knee’ during our National Anthem being played at sporting venues and the ‘everything is racist’ mentality of individuals, groups and even cities and towns, with the consequences of the attempts to change history, by the removal, defacing and destruction of public and private property, of statues and other historical artifacts, perhaps those that are protesting and all of US should actually know something about, The Constitution of this, Our Republic?

If you agree or if you would consider such, I am pleased to recommend the following family friendly and non-partisan, something for every age, board game! WE the People are family, are we not?

Constitution Quest board game

for:

◊ Birthdays
◊ Holidays
◊ Anytime
◊ Schools
◊ Groups
◊ Friends
◊ Families
◊ Any Age

Full website:

http://www.constitutionquest.com/ecommerce/constitution-quest-board-game.html

Mobile site:

http://www.constitutionquest.com/ecommerce/constitution-quest-board-game.html

Facebook:

https://m.facebook.com/ConstitutionQuest

 

1 of WE,

Dahni

Patriotic 1 of WE 🙂

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Remember

May 30, 2016
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By Dahni
© 2016, all rights reserved

Half-Mast til' Noon

Half-staff til’ Noon

Most of you know I’m not, a veteran. I’ve family that have lived and died in service to this country. Most of my dearest friends are members of these services for my Freedom and yours! They are among the kindest, gentlest, most respectful, most civil, most dedicated, most disciplined, among the smartest, and most heart-serving, self-sacrificing people, I’ve ever known! I’m just honored, really honored that they let me hang out with them and shake their hands! I try my best to do for them more! To me, they are the living, breathing examples of the purpose of, the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution of the United States of America! I REMEMBER you! And they, remember what Memorial Day is for! I will REMEMBER! What does this day mean to me and to all others?

Full-staff after Noon

Full-staff after Noon

Note: “Half-staff” or “Half-mast?” If a flag is hoisted on a pole on land, the proper term is half-staff. If it is a flag raised on a ship, the correct term is, half-mast.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, a soldier stand guards by day and night at Arlington National Cemetery

Memorial Day, is an American holiday observed on the last Monday of May. It is supposed to, honor the men and women who died while serving in the U.S. military. Today, many people have forgotten this or have never known this and it has become something else. And sadly, there are those that do not care and may not ever care? How very sad and so very, very foolish are these whose breath and freedom has been provided by those who lived and died that they so dishonor! General Sherman of the Civil War said, “War is Hell!” Every soldier, from both the North and South, fought and died for FREEDOM, all politics aside!!

In 1966, the federal government declared Waterloo, New York, the official birthplace of Memorial Day. Waterloo—which had first celebrated the day on May 5, 1866—was chosen because it hosted an annual, community-wide event, during which businesses closed and residents decorated the graves of soldiers with flowers and flags.

Originally, this day was known as, Decoration Day. It was officially proclaimed on 5 May 1868 by General John Logan, national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, in his General Order No. 11. “The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village and hamlet churchyard in the land,” he proclaimed. The date of Decoration Day, as he called it, was chosen because it wasn’t the anniversary of any particular battle.

On the first Decoration Day, General James Garfield made a speech at Arlington National Cemetery, and 5,000 participants decorated the graves of the 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried there. Soldiers still decorate the graves here, every year, for the unknown soldier and for those who families cannot or will not. It is fitting that both those of the North and of the South are buried here because, WE the People are one people! Arlington Cemetery by the way, is on property that once belonged to General Robert E. Lee. The name Lee, is a namesake in our family. Our grandmother Laura Lee was named by her great-grandfather, who fought with General Lee and respected him greatly! Our sister was named, Carol Lee. Her daughter was named, Sierra Lee.

Memorial Day became an official federal holiday in 1971.

Today, we have forgotten this history or have never been taught it. Many Americans observe Memorial Day by visiting cemeteries or memorials of their family and friends that may or may not have served in the military. Others hold family gatherings and participate in parades. Unofficially, at least, it marks the beginning of summer. Swimming pools often open up on Memorial Day and close on Labor Day. Many people just think of it as a three-day holiday. It has become a time for the gatherings of friends and family and backyard barbecues and picnics.  It is a time of ‘great deals’ for new car sales and sales for so many more ‘things.’ Then there is the matter of confusing this day with other holidays.

 

REMEMBER

VETERANS DAY

Veterans Day November 1, is an opportunity to publicly commemorate the contributions of living veterans. Every veteran has the right to a military funeral to include: an honor guard, the blowing of TAPS, their coffin draped with a flag of the United States of America and to have it properly folded by the honor guard into its triangular shape, representing the first patriots’ cocked three corner hat of 1776 and to have this presented to some loved one, “on behalf of a grateful nation.” 

ARMED FORCES DAY

Armed Forces Day, May 17 an opportunity to publicly commemorate the contributions of those presently serving in all branches of the military.

RememberMemDay3

Poem is written by -Unknown-  click to enlarge

MEMORIAL DAY

Memorial Day, May 30 (traditional), is a sacred day to all war veterans. It commemorates those who died while in service to their country or that died from wounds while in service to our country. My brother’s namesake, Richard, was an Air Force pilot in WW2. Neither his plane nor his body was every found. Memorial Day is for men and women like him. Like any veteran, these men and women have the rights to a military funeral with all the do respect, due them. America’s collective consciousness demands that all citizens be reminded of the deaths of their fellow countrymen during wartime or times of their sacrifice while in service to our nation. By honoring the nation’s war dead and those that died while in service, we preserve their memory and thus their service and sacrifice. All U.S. flags should be displayed at half-staff or half-mast during the morning hours. At noon, they should be raised back to full-staff or full-mast. Respectfully, the flag should be taken down at sunset and properly folded.

Note: “Half-staff,” Full-staff” or “Half-mast, Full-mast?” If a flag is hoisted on a pole on land, the proper term is half-staff or full-staff. If it is a flag raised on a ship, the correct term is, half-mast or full-staff.

This day is a sacred day to all veterans and to those serving. None of these never need, to be reminded of the reason that Memorial Day must be commemorated!

Far too often, the nation as a whole, takes for granted the freedoms all Americans enjoy and those that have made and will make it still possible! Those freedoms were paid for, or will be, by the ultimate sacrifice with the lives of others, few of us actually knew or will ever know. That’s why they are all collectively remembered on one special day.

Memorial Day should be regarded as a civic obligation. For this is a national debt that can only be truly repaid by individual Americans. By honoring the nation’s dead that died in service to our country, we preserve their memory and thus their service and sacrifice in the memories of future generations. For by them are we here! There is no greater example of love, commitment and dedication, for they gave and will freely give their lives to something far greater, than their own lives!

“Greater love hath no man [or woman] than this, that a man [or woman] lay down his life for his  [or theirfriends [and family and all others of our nation].”

John 15:13,King James Version (KJV)

They came; they will come, from all walks of life and regions of the country. But they all had and will have, one thing in common—love of and loyalty to country. This bond cemented and cements ties between them in times of trials, allowing a diverse lot of Americans to achieve monumental ends. They are the examples of what it means to be united, in the United States of America!

We remember the loss of loved ones, a sense of loss that takes group form. In essence, America is commemorating those who made the greatest sacrifice possible—giving one’s own life on behalf of others.

Nothing infuriates me more than the ignorance of flag burners. Not only do they not understand the purpose of Our Republic, and trample upon it, spit on it and burn it, they take these flags from those whose honor it is, to have their coffins draped by their Mother country, for whom they have freely given their all, to all and to even for those that burn their palls.

Perhaps those that disrespect, would be interested in knowing that if the government enforced our laws, they would be in violation of the U.S. Flag Code and subject to penalties. For more information on the flag code see: Flag This (an update)

Note: A pall (also called mortcloth) is a cloth (or flag) that covers a casket or coffin at funerals. The word comes from the Latin pallium (cloak).

Each year, members of the military have the honor of placing flags at the graves of every soldier buried, in Arlington National Cemetery. Soldiers understand and take this day and the words of JFK seriously. President John F. Kennedy said, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country”

This year marks the 72nd year since the Normandy Invasion.

RememberNormandy

Normandy Then & Now (click to enlarge)

The picture above is extraordinary! Two actual photographs were merged together to make it.  It is ‘D-Day’ in Normandy. It is the Landing of US troops on Omaha beach. The Black and white photo portion is from June 6th 1944; colour from 2010. Many lost their lives the day this was taken or shortly after. Most have since died. The rest will soon pass away. Our family honors two family friends (Joe & Don) that participated in the Normandy Invasion. They are honored to personally participate in the memorial in Normandy, France, on this seventy-second commemoration. They are just two of the few still alive from their ship, the USS DD603 Murphy, which participated in the Normandy Invasion. Though we may not know or remember those in this picture, they have all lived and died or will one day, for FREEDOM! They cannot and must not be forgotten! REMEMBER!

I am posting this with the hope that as many people as possible will see it, share it, learn from it and DO IT! Enjoy your long holiday. Enjoy your times together as family and friends. Enjoy your rest. Enjoy your barbecues, parades and picnics. I hope you find and make ‘great deals’ during this three-day weekend. Enjoy decorating the graves of your loved ones. But on Memorial Day, May the 30th, remember what it is REALLY for and for WHOM! Flags In! Flags in for their courage! Flags in for the cause! Flags in for the freedom! I will, REMEMBER!

“This weekend we honor those who gave it all to their country and then some. It amazes me often how men and women find the courage to put on the uniform and wear their patriotism freely and honorably. It also reminds me of what Nathan Hale said one time, “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” The heroes of this country deserve a day to be celebrated and reflected upon, but not mourned. I conclude this post with a great quote from General George S. Patton, “It is foolish and wrong to mourn the men who died. Rather we should thank God that such men lived.””

excerpt from the words of a living Army veteran: Chuck Mcmillen

 

1 of We,

Dahni

Flag This! (an update)

November 3, 2015

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by Dahni
© 2015, all rights reserved

This post is an update to a previous one, which you may view by click on the following link: FLAG THIS

Believe it or not, I have three favorite colors and they just happen to be, red, white and blue. I have been blessed to live in the country and to have seen over our back yard, two bald eagles soaring in the sky. I may not be brave, but I still live, “in the land of the free and the home of the brave.” As of October 30th, 2015, we now proudly have a flagpole, for our “stars and the stripes”“Old Glory,” the flag of the United States of America.

Flag1

Our Flag at The Gathering Place

The pole was a gift from a Vietnam veteran to a Navy Veteran and he not only gifted me with this honor, but he also helped me to install it. Thank you, Mat Burton, my friend. I thank you unknown Vietnam veteran and Mat for your service to our country and for this blessing which now graces the outside of our home that we affectionately call, ‘The Gathering Place.’ May countless numbers of people ‘gather’ here to behold it and may it ever wave in the land of the free and the home of the brave!

I promise to do my best to honor and respect this gift and all it represents.

I recognize that there are some of a religious group that believe a “pledge” and “allegiance” are associated with swearing an oath and their religion forbids them from saying the ‘pledge of allegiance’ or saluting the flag that rises above the very ground where they live and are free to believe what they want to believe. I do not interpret or associate the words “pledge” or “allegiance” or the placing of my hand over my heart or saluting the flag as swearing an oath. But I wonder if the same people who reject the pledge of allegiance or saluting the flag on these grounds, realize they have already sworn at least one oath if not many? If anyone has ever been required to give testimony in a court of law, they have sworn or affirmed a spoken oath to tell the truth. If anyone has ever filed an income tax form, you should read or re-read the very bottom of the return. It says:

“Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined this return and accompanying schedules and statements, and to the best of my knowledge and belief, they are true, correct, and complete.”

This is called a tacit (implied, but non-spoken) oath and carries the same force as if it were spoken. But no such or any kind of sworn, spoken or implied oath was ever intended, by any citizen of the United States of America. Oaths were only for new citizens, the military and those that actually, really and truly, work for the government. And that oath was not to God, the heavens, a royal, or to the earth, but to a thing, the Constitution of the United States of America. From a Puritan’s standard, like William Penn, who opened the doors to religious freedom and planned the city of “Brotherly Love,” (Philadelphia, PA), our founders were opposed to oaths. But realizing that it is not a crime to do nothing, they understood that all those working for the government had to do was just show up and collect their paychecks—that’s it, nothing else. So they made it a requirement to swear an oath to a thing, the Constitution of the United States of America, to hold them to accountable and if not, they would be guilty of perjury (lying under oath)!

I do not know what the flag, our flag might mean to you, but I can tell you what it means to me.

Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, reporting to Congress on the United States Seal, stated:

“The colors of the pales (the vertical stripes) are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valour, and Blue, the color of the Chief (the broad band above the stripes) signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice.”

From the book “Our Flag” published in 1989 by the House of Representatives

“The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial; the stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun.”

published in 1977 by the House of Representatives

I know whom my God and Father is. He is MY “Chief” And I know of Him, by Him and For Him, this republic that was just a whisper, became a shout heard all around the world!

I will briskly hoist the flag day by day when I get up in the morning, weather permitting. I will display it between sunrise and sunset. Once it has been hoisted, I will look upward, face it, and with my right hand over my heart, I will say aloud MY, ‘Pledge of Allegiance.’

“I Pledge Allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

On occasion, I will read the following:

“I – – Me; an individual; a committee of one.
Pledge – – Dedicate all of my worldly goods to give without self-pity.
Allegiance – – My love and my devotion.
To the Flag – – Our standard; Old Glory ; a symbol of Freedom; wherever she waves there is respect, because your loyalty has given her a dignity that shouts, Freedom is everybody’s job.
United – – That means that we have all come together.
States – – Individual communities that have united into forty-eight great states. Forty-eight individual communities with pride and dignity and purpose. All divided with imaginary boundaries, yet united to a common purpose, and that is love for country.
And to the Republic – – Republic–a state in which sovereign power is invested in representatives chosen by the people to govern. And government is the people; and it’s from the people to the leaders, not from the leaders to the people.
For which it stands
One Nation – – One Nation–meaning, so blessed by God.
Indivisible – – Incapable of being divided.
With Liberty – – Which is Freedom; the right of power to live one’s own life, without threats, fear, or some sort of retaliation.
And Justice – – The principle, or qualities, of dealing fairly with others.
For All – – For All–which means, boys and girls, it’s as much your country as it is mine.

And now, boys and girls, let me hear you recite the Pledge of Allegiance:

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic, for which it stands; one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Since I was a small boy, two states have been added to our country, and two words have been added to the Pledge of Allegiance: Under God. Wouldn’t it be a pity if someone said that is a prayer, and that would be eliminated from schools, too?”

Red Skelton around 1952

On occasion, I will sing to the best of my ability, the first stanza of, ‘America.’

“My country, ’tis of Thee,
Sweet Land of Liberty
Of thee I sing;
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the pilgrims’ pride,
From every mountain side
Let Freedom ring.”

On occasion, I will sing to the best of my ability, the first and last stanzas of, ‘America the Beautiful’

“O beautiful for spacious skies,
For amber waves of grain,
For purple mountain majesties
Above the fruited plain.
America! America! God shed His grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brotherhood
From sea to shining sea.

O Beautiful for patriot dream
that sees beyond the years.
Thine alabaster cities gleam,
Undimmed by human tears.
America! America! God shed his grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brotherhood,
From sea to shining sea.”

With my right hand still over my heart, I will sing daily, to the best of my ability, the first stanza of the National Anthem.

“Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro’ the perilous fight’
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming.
And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?”

At sunset each day, I will slowly lower our flag to waiting arms and not allow it to touch the ground and then fold it thus:

I have adapted the following for my own purposes. If you would like the specific wording see: ‘Flag This‘ and scroll to, ‘Folds of the Flag’

But while the flag is being folded, the following will either be read or a recording played of the reading:

Our flag, my flag, I fold you first as a symbol of life.

This second fold is for the belief in eternal life.

This third fold (the first triangle) is for the veteran that gave a portion of their life to defend this country and to extend peace through Liberty, to the entire world.

The fourth fold is for our weaker nature that we must turn to God in times of peace and war, for His divine guidance.

The fifth fold is for grace, to find favor in dealing with other nations. We may be right or wrong, but this is still our country.

The sixth fold is for where the heart lies. It is with the heart that I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

The seventh fold is for our Armed Forces that protect our country and our flag, against all enemies, foreign and domestic.

The eighth fold is for every mother who has entered into the valley of the shadow of death and for whom this flag flies, on Mother’s Day.

The ninth fold is a tribute to all women that through their believing, love, loyalty and devotion, the character of the men and women who have made this country great, have been molded.

The tenth fold is a tribute to all fathers, for they too have guided and given sons and daughters, for the defense of our country.

The eleventh fold, in the eyes of a Hebrew citizen, represents the lower portion of the seal of King David and King Solomon, and glorifies, in their eyes, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

The twelfth fold, in the eyes of a Christian citizen, represents an emblem of eternity and glorifies, in their eyes, God the Father, His son Jesus Christ and His gift of holy spirit. [modified]

When the flag is completely folded, the stars are uppermost, reminding us of our national motto, “In God we Trust.”

(Wait for the Honor Guard or Flag Detail to inspect the flag–after the inspection, resume reading.)

After the flag is completely folded and tucked in, it takes on the appearance of a cocked hat, ever reminding us of the soldiers who served under General George Washington and the sailors and marines who served under Captain John Paul Jones who were followed by their comrades and shipmates in the Armed Forces of the United States, preserving for us the rights, privileges, and freedoms we enjoy today.

During inclement weather, heavy winds and after sunset, this flag will either NOT be flown or taken down and folded.

Flag 3

At Night

Flag 2

Our Flag folded

I will display the flag from sunrise to sunset, on all days when the weather permits, especially on:

New Year’s Day ♦ Inauguration Day ♦  Martin Luther King’s Birthday ♦ Lincoln’s Birthday ♦ Washington’s Birthday ♦ Easter Sunday ♦ Patriots Day (April 19) ♦ National Day of Prayer (1st Thursday of May) ♦ Mother’s Day ♦ Armed Forces Day ♦ Memorial Day (half-staff until noon) ♦ Flag Day ♦ Independence Day (July 4th) ♦ Labor Day ♦ Constitution Day ♦ Columbus Day (October 12th) ♦ Navy Day ♦ Veterans Day ♦ Thanksgiving Day ♦ Christmas Day ♦ Election Days

I will display the flag, on such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States, state and local holidays, my state birthday (date of admission to the Union) New York (11th of Original 13) July 25, 1788**(1st U.S. Flag Design/13-Stars)

On some occasions and particularly July 4th, a portion of the Declaration of Independence will be read as such:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long-established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.”

On some occasions, the preamble to the Untied States Constitution will be read as such:

“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

And finally, on some occasions I may read the words or play a recording of the beloved ‘TAPS,’ day is done.

Taps

I will fly the flag at half-staff only in accordance with:

The Flag in Mourning

I will place the flag at half-staff, hoist it to the peak for an instant and lower it to a position half way between the top and bottom of the staff. The flag is to be raised again to the peak for a moment before it is lowered. On Memorial Day, the flag will be displayed at half-staff until noon and at full staff from noon to sunset.

The flag will be flown at half-staff in mourning for designated, principal government leaders and upon presidential or gubernatorial order.

“FLYING THE FLAG AT HALF-STAFF: The pertinent section of the Flag Code says, “by order of the President, the flag shall be flown at half-staff upon the death of principal figures of the United States Government and the Governor of a State, territory, or possession, as a mark of respect to their memory. In the event of the death of other officials or foreign dignitaries, the flag is to be displayed at half-staff according to Presidential orders, or in accordance with recognized customs or practices not inconsistent with law.

In the event of the death of a present or former official of the government of any State, territory, or possession of the United States, the Governor of that state, territory, or possession may proclaim that the National flag shall be flown at half-staff.” The code also includes other related details including the specific length of time during which the flag should be displayed at half-staff, in the event of the death of a “principal figure”(e.g., 30 days for the death of a sitting or former President, 10 days for the death of a sitting Vice-President,etc.).

Flag Draping a Coffin and Presentation

Although the U.S. Flag Code does NOT use the word “shall,” but rather “should,” draping a coffin has been used to honor the passing of military men and women of the armed services since the Napoleonic Wars (1803 – 1815). There is nothing that prohibits police departments, a canine service animal or for that matter, any U.S. citizen from having this custom used during a funeral service. It is at the discretion of the chief or under the advice of the appropriate authority. This having been said, there has only ever been one person that was ever given the status as a ‘honorary veteran’ whose coffin was draped with an American Flag. Public Law 105–67—OCT. 30, 1997, was a joint resolution by both houses of the 105th Congress and signed into law by then president of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton. This conferred the rights and privileges as honorary veteran status to Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope.  It’s opening paragraph reads as follows:

“Whereas the United States has never before conferred status as an honorary veteran of the United States Armed Forces on an individual, and such status is and should remain an extraordinary honor not lightly conferred nor frequently granted.”

The reasons for this honor were stated in the resolution:

“Whereas the lifetime of accomplishments and service of Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope on behalf of United States military service members fully justifies the conferring of such status; Whereas Leslie Townes (Bob) Hope is himself not a veteran, having attempted to enlist in the Armed Forces to serve his country during World War II, but being informed that the greatest service he could provide the Nation was as a civilian entertainer for the troops; Whereas during, World War II, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam War, and the Persian Gulf War and throughout the Cold War, Bob Hope traveled to visit and entertain millions of United States service members in numerous countries, on ships at sea, and in combat zones ashore; Whereas Bob Hope has been awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Distinguished Service Medal of each of the branches of the Armed Forces, and more than 100 (actually around 2,000 awards and honors) citations and awards from national veterans service organizations and civic and humanitarian organizations;…”

You may read the PDF version of the entire resolution HERE

Bob Hope died on a Sunday, August 27, 2003. The following Monday, president George H. Bush ordered the flag of the United States to be flown at half mast. Three days after what would have been his 100th birthday, Bob Hope was given a private service which included the draping of the US flag briefly over his coffin in an early morning and private service Friday, August 1st, 2003. Hope’s widow, four children and four grandchildren reportedly declined suggestions from Washington that he be buried at the US capital’s Arlington National Cemetery, an honor usually reserved for military veterans.

Before penning his famous novels “The Grapes of Wrath” and “East of Eden,” John Steinbeck was working as a war correspondent. In 1943, he wrote the following in regards to the work that Bob Hope was doing on behalf of the USO and the troops overseas:

“When the time for recognition of service to the nation in wartime comes to be considered, Bob Hope should be high on the list. This man drives himself and is driven. It is impossible to see how he can do so much, can cover so much ground, can work so hard, and can be so effective. He works month after month at a pace that would kill most people.”

I write these things about Bob Hope, for the following primary reasons. To confer such an honorary veteran status on anyone and specifically the draping of the US flag over their coffin should not be taken lightly! It is my opinion that those we want to so honor, should be of equal service as Bob Hope. And this equality among military persons whom have, as president Abraham Lincoln wrote in the Gettysburg Address, they should be men and women that have paid the highest price “of their devotion!” And it is my opinion that any military man or woman (living or deceased), even though they did not die or do not die in service to our country, each has willingly offered to pay the highest price of their devotion too! And in my mind, there is no difference between those that died in service and those that were or are willing to sacrifice their own lives in defense of Liberty. And though no other may have received or receive any or as many awards, honors and citations as Bob Hope, the equality of their service to God, Family and Country is no different! All enlisted military and officers are each required to take an oath to the Constitution of the United States that state, “I, _____, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same;…”

Whether or not the words are spoken (as in the officer’s oath), it is implied that each oath taker freely takes this oath and the responsibility for it, even if they are required to give their full measure of devotion. And it is for this reason alone that every man or woman that vows this oath, is due the honor, whether they live or whether they die in defending it!

This flag draped over the departed soldier has most likely previously flown over the nation’s capitol in, Washington, D.C., the seat of government of, for and by, WE the People. To lie in state, the coffin is covered with the symbolic gesture of gratitude from all of, WE the People. After the flag is respectfully removed from the coffin and folded, with each fold having an important meaning, it is then ‘presented’ to the appropriate person(s) with the words, “On behalf of a grateful nation.”

I do not mean to lesson or dishonor the service of our police, some canine service animal or any citizen of the United States. Here, we are free to believe whatever we choose to believe. I just happen to believe that only the military or upon some extraordinary occasion, should anyone’s coffin be draped with our flag, except for our military. And I care not whether the deceased has committed some crime or some grave sin or died due to suicide. As no amount of darkness can extinguish even the faintest of light; no evil can overcome the good done by just one man or one woman that stood, even for a single moment, for, LIBERTY! All such as these no matter the circumstances, are due this honor!

Yes, though the U.S. Flag Code may not say what any “shall” do or “shall” not do, but rather what “should”not be done or “should” be done with this flag, it is still law and in my mind, the only difference between the words “shall” and “should” is individual choice. Though the Supreme Court of the United States has ruled that to dishonor and desecrate this symbol is considered artist expression and protected freedom of speech under our Constitution, the very flag that many oppose on religious grounds, interpret to be politically correct, it is the very same symbol that affords them the right to oppose it, interpret it and desecrate it. I will not so dishonor this symbol of Liberty nor those that fought for it and still fight for it! I am not a veteran, but many in my family and my wife’s family were. I have several friends that are veterans. Though I cannot serve and have not served nor have given my last ounce of devotion, I can do no less than to take what amount of time and effort necessary, for as long as I live, to both show respect and if possible, where an open door of utterance presents itself, to teach and show and share this flag code etiquette with anyone of an open mind and an asking heart, why I do this small thing and for whom. But this is what our flag means to me!

Care of my Flag

I will clean or mend the flag as needed.

And when the flag becomes weathered and worn, I will respectfully burn it and replace it. Like fire purifies and like the legendary Phoenix bird, MY flag will be born again. And then, I will read, the following words:

“Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us–that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion–that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.”

The Gettysburg Address, by Abraham Lincoln, November 19, 1863

And should this flag be so ordered to be flown upside down, if this nation is under distress or ceases to exist, I will not so fly it here! You may be offended by this post and this flag, hate it, despise it, spit on it, defecate on it, urinate on it, shoot it full of holes, and even burn it hatefully or mockingly, but such an idea it represents, can never nor ever can, be destroyed!

I will respectfully, lovingly and proudly display this flag as I have said above, for as long as I am able or for as long as I may have others do this on my behalf. If it ceases to fly, you will know it is because of inclement weather or that I have died, but God is still alive and the very ideas of unalienable rights such as— Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, cannot die!

I will teach and share these things with our children, grandchildren, their children and anyone that may visit us here at sunrise or sunset at our home, ‘The Gathering Place.’

If these things offend you, do NOT visit us here or drive by at sunrise or sunset! I may not be able to do more for Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, but I can NOT, do anything less!

For more information about this flag, the flag code and flag etiquette and etc. see:

http://www.usflag.org/

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1 of WE the People
at The Gathering Place

Flag This!

July 31, 2015

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by Dahni
© 2015, all rights reserved

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I am considering putting up a flag outside of our home. I could certainly use your help and would appreciate your opinion.

I’ve picked out a few that I thought might work under these categories:

Design, Symbolism, Non-Offensive, and Home Security

 

Let’s start with design. I like the following because it’s colorful and pretty.

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Unfortunately, the rainbow flag has been seized by another group and to use it would offend others.

This next group is considered racist and particularly symbolic of slavery, so they’re unacceptable.

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I came up with the next one as perhaps it is neutral?

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But many might think I am a white supremacist or that I have surrendered and they would be offended.

What If I added something to the foreground?

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Well, some would still be offended by the white background. Others would be offended by the religious symbol of a cross. But, I’ve decided not to use this flag because, I think a lot of people might see it and stop in. We just don’t have enough band-aids to go around! 🙂

What if I just put up a black flag?

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WOW, where do I start with this one? Some might be OK with this while others would be offended. And in final analysis, it’s way too confusing!

A black flag was used by ancient Roman military. I’m not ancient (yet); not a Roman or an Italian.

“The Black Standard” has been associated with the prophet Mohammed. But I am not a Muslim.

The German Peasants’ War in the 16th century by the revolting farmers, used a black flag. I don’t live in the 16th century, I am not German or a farmer.

Afghanistan flew a solid black flag from 1709–38 and from 1880–1901. I live in the 21st century and I am not from Afghanistan.

The Anarchist black flag has been an anarchist symbol since the 1880’s. This symbol is a reference to a quote by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon “anarchy is the mother of order.” He was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy. He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist and many consider him to be the father of anarchy. The black background flag was often seen having an ‘A’ and an ‘O’  encircled. I am not an anarchist.

Fascists and Nazis used a black background in their flags. I am neither a fascist nor a Nazi.

Upon the surrender of Nazi Germany in World War II, German U-boats were ordered to fly a black flag and sail to an Allied port and surrender. We do not have any U-boats where we live.

Plain black flags with no art were often employed by most pirates in the 17th–18th century. Historically, the flag was flown to frighten pirates’ victims into surrendering without a fight, since it conveyed the message that the attackers were outlaws who would not consider themselves bound by the usual rules of engagement—and might, therefore, slaughter those they defeated (since captured pirates were usually hanged, they did not have much to gain by asking quarter if defeated). I am not a pirate.

Black flags are often associated with funerals in the West, particularly state funerals and public mourning. I’m still alive.

In the former Yugoslavia, a plain black flag was the flag of mourning. It was displayed for 40 days after death on the deceased person’s house. I’m not from Yugoslavia.

The black flag is the symbol of the Jewish ultra-Orthodox, anti-Zionist group, Neturei Karta. It is flown as a sign of mourning over the creation of the State of Israel, most commonly on Israeli Independence Day. I am neither Jewish nor am I from Israel.

In sail racing, when the black flag is displayed with the preparatory signal, a boat that is over the starting line in the minute prior to the starting signal is immediately disqualified without a hearing. I am not a sailor and I don’t have a boat.

In some forms of racing, a black flag is used to disqualify competitors or indicate some other penalty (such as a forced pit stop in NASCAR). I am not a racer and I don’t have a race car.

Whatever its symbolism is taken to mean, a black flag is sure to offend someone. Besides that, we live in the country and have a lot of birds flying overhead. A black flag is sure to show bird poop! 🙂

For general home security, I thought of a couple designs.

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I’m sure this flag would offend someone and if I were to use it, I’d probably be listed as a “hater” or a homeland terrorist, but at least the FBI, CIA and all kinds of government groups would be watching our property. 🙂

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This next flag would offend some and maybe it would be shot at, on our property and maybe even we might get shot? Then again, maybe people would just be scared and leave us alone if we put up the flag of ISIL?

After considering all these designs, I have come to the conclusion that it is just impossible to be politically correct and to not offend someone! I’m on my own.

Believe it or not, I have three favorite colors and they just happen to be, red, white and blue. I have been blessed to live in the country and to have seen over our back yard, two bald eagles soaring in the sky. I may not be brave, but I still live, “in the land of the free and the home of the brave.” So, I’ve decided to go with the, “stars and the stripes”“Old Glory,” the flag of the United States of America.

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I recognize that there are some of a religious group that believe a “pledge” and “allegiance” are associated with swearing an oath and their religion forbids them from saying the ‘pledge of allegiance’ or saluting the flag that rises above the very ground where they live and are free to believe what they want to believe. I do not interpret or associate the words “pledge” or “allegiance” or the placing of my hand over my heart or saluting the flag as swearing an oath. But I wonder if the same people who reject the pledge of allegiance or saluting the flag on these grounds, realize they have already sworn at least one oath if not many? If anyone has ever been required to give testimony in a court of law, they have sworn or affirmed a spoken oath to tell the truth. If anyone has ever filed an income tax form, you should read or re-read the very bottom of the return. It says:

“Under penalties of perjury, I declare that I have examined this return and accompanying schedules and statements, and to the best of my knowledge and belief, they are true, correct, and complete.”

This is called a tacit (implied, but non-spoken) oath and carries the same force as if it were spoken. But no such or any kind of sworn, spoken or implied oath was ever intended, by any citizen of the United States of America. Oaths were only for new citizens, the military and those that actually, really and truly, work for the government. And that oath was not to God, the heavens, a royal, or to the earth, but to a thing, the Constitution of the United States of America. From a Puritan’s standard, like William Penn, who opened the doors to religious freedom and planned the city of “Brotherly Love,” (Philadelphia, PA), our founders were opposed to oaths. But realizing that it is not a crime to do nothing, they understood that all those working for the government had to do was just show up and collect their paychecks—that’s it, nothing else. So they made it a requirement to swear an oath to a thing, the Constitution of the United States of America, to hold them to account!

I do not know what the flag, our flag might mean to you, but I can tell you what it means to me.

Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, reporting to Congress on the United States Seal, stated:

“The colors of the pales (the vertical stripes) are those used in the flag of the United States of America; White signifies purity and innocence, Red, hardiness & valour, and Blue, the color of the Chief (the broad band above the stripes) signifies vigilance, perseverance & justice.”

From the book “Our Flag” published in 1989 by the House of Representatives

“The star is a symbol of the heavens and the divine goal to which man has aspired from time immemorial; the stripe is symbolic of the rays of light emanating from the sun.”

published in 1977 by the House of Representatives

I know whom my God and Father is. He is MY “Chief” And I know of Him, by Him and For Him, this republic that was just a whisper, became a shout heard all around the world!

Therefore, I will find the best flag and pole and accouterments, all appropriate for where we live on top of a hill in the country where it will fly in the breeze and the wind we often have here. All materials will be made in the USA and any labor required to erect it and maintain it, will be provided by one or more, US citizens.

I will briskly hoist the flag day by day when I get up in the morning, weather permitting. I will display it between sunrise and sunset. Once it has been hoisted, I will look upward, face it, and with my right hand over my heart, I will say aloud MY, ‘Pledge of Allegiance.’

“I Pledge Allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

On occasion, I will read the following:
“I – – Me; an individual; a committee of one.
Pledge – – Dedicate all of my worldly goods to give without self-pity.
Allegiance – – My love and my devotion.
To the Flag – – Our standard; Old Glory ; a symbol of Freedom; wherever she waves there is respect, because your loyalty has given her a dignity that shouts, Freedom is everybody’s job.
United – – That means that we have all come together.
States – – Individual communities that have united into forty-eight great states. Forty-eight individual communities with pride and dignity and purpose. All divided with imaginary boundaries, yet united to a common purpose, and that is love for country.
And to the Republic – – Republic–a state in which sovereign power is invested in representatives chosen by the people to govern. And government is the people; and it’s from the people to the leaders, not from the leaders to the people.
For which it stands
One Nation – – One Nation–meaning, so blessed by God.
Indivisible – – Incapable of being divided.
With Liberty – – Which is Freedom; the right of power to live one’s own life, without threats, fear, or some sort of retaliation.
And Justice – – The principle, or qualities, of dealing fairly with others.
For All – – For All–which means, boys and girls, it’s as much your country as it is mine.

And now, boys and girls, let me hear you recite the Pledge of Allegiance:

I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic, for which it stands; one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

Since I was a small boy, two states have been added to our country, and two words have been added to the Pledge of Allegiance: Under God. Wouldn’t it be a pity if someone said that is a prayer, and that would be eliminated from schools, too?”

Red Skelton around 1952

On occasion, I will sing to the best of my ability, the first stanza of, ‘America.’

“My country, ’tis of Thee,
Sweet Land of Liberty
Of thee I sing;
Land where my fathers died,
Land of the pilgrims’ pride,
From every mountain side
Let Freedom ring.”

On occasion, I will sing to the best of my ability, the first and last stanzas of, ‘America the Beautiful’

“O beautiful for spacious skies,
For amber waves of grain,
For purple mountain majesties
Above the fruited plain.
America! America! God shed His grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brotherhood
From sea to shining sea.

O Beautiful for patriot dream
that sees beyond the years.
Thine alabaster cities gleam,
Undimmed by human tears.
America! America! God shed his grace on thee,
And crown thy good with brotherhood,
From sea to shining sea.”

With my right hand still over my heart, I will sing daily, to the best of my ability, the first stanza of the National Anthem.

“Oh, say, can you see, by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars, thro’ the perilous fight’
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming.
And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?”

At sunset each day, I will slowly lower our flag to waiting arms and not allow it to touch the ground and then fold it thus:

Step 1

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I will begin by holding it waist-high with another person so that its surface is parallel to the ground.

Step 2

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We will fold the lower half of the stripe section lengthwise over the field of stars, holding the bottom and top edges securely.

Step 3

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We will fold the flag again lengthwise with the blue field on the outside.

Step 4

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We will make a triangular fold by bringing the striped corner of the folded edge to meet the open (top) edge of the flag.

Step 5

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We will turn the outer (end) point inward, parallel to the open edge, to form a second triangle.

Step 6

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We will continue the triangular folding until the entire length of the flag is folded in this manner.

Step 7
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When the flag is completely folded, only a triangular blue field of stars will be visible.

While the flag is being folded, the following will either be read or a recording played of the reading:

Folds of the Flag

“The first fold of our flag is a symbol of life.

The second fold is a symbol of our belief in the eternal life.

The third fold is made in honor and remembrance of the veteran departing our ranks who gave a portion of life for the defense of our country to attain a peace throughout the world.

The fourth fold represents our weaker nature, for as American citizens trusting in God, it is to Him we turn in times of peace as well as in times of war for His divine guidance.

The fifth fold is a tribute to our country, for in the words of Stephen Decatur, “Our country, in dealing with other countries, may she always be right; but it is still our country, right or wrong.”

The sixth fold is for where our hearts lie. It is with our heart that we pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation, under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

The seventh fold is a tribute to our Armed Forces, for it is through the Armed Forces that we protect our country and our flag against all her enemies, whether they be found within or without the boundaries of our republic.

The eighth fold is a tribute to the one who entered in to the valley of the shadow of death, that we might see the light of day, and to honor mother, for whom it flies on mother’s day.

The ninth fold is a tribute to womanhood; for it has been through their faith, love, loyalty and devotion that the character of the men and women who have made this country great have been molded.

The tenth fold is a tribute to father, for he, too, has given his sons and daughters for the defense of our country since they were first born.

The eleventh fold, in the eyes of a Hebrew citizen, represents the lower portion of the seal of King David and King Solomon, and glorifies, in their eyes, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

The twelfth fold, in the eyes of a Christian citizen, represents an emblem of eternity and glorifies, in their eyes, God the Father, His son Jesus Christ and His gift of holy spirit. [modified]

When the flag is completely folded, the stars are uppermost, reminding us of our national motto, “In God we Trust.”

(Wait for the Honor Guard or Flag Detail to inspect the flag–after the inspection, resume reading.)

“After the flag is completely folded and tucked in, it takes on the appearance of a cocked hat, ever reminding us of the soldiers who served under General George Washington and the sailors and marines who served under Captain John Paul Jones who were followed by their comrades and shipmates in the Armed Forces of the United States, preserving for us the rights, privileges, and freedoms we enjoy today.”

I will display the flag from sunrise to sunset, on all days when the weather permits, especially on:

New Year’s Day
Inauguration Day
Martin Luther King’s Birthday
Lincoln’s Birthday
Washington’s Birthday
Easter Sunday
Patriots Day, April 19
National Day of Prayer, the 1st Thursday of May
Mother’s Day
Armed Forces Day
Memorial Day (half-staff until noon)
Flag Day
Independence Day, July 4th
Labor Day
Constitution Day
Columbus Day, October 12th
Navy Day
Veterans Day
Thanksgiving Day
Christmas Day
Election Days

and such other days as may be proclaimed by the President of the United States. State and Local Holidays, my State Birthday (date of admission to the Union) New York (11th of Original 13) July 25, 1788**(1st U.S. Flag Design/13-Stars)

On some occasions and particularly July 4th, a portion of the Declaration of Independence will be read as such:

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.”

On some occasions, the preamble to the Untied States Constitution will be read as such:

“We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.”

I will fly the flag at half-staff only in accordance with:

The Flag in Mourning

I will place the flag at half-staff, hoist it to the peak for an instant and lower it to a position half way between the top and bottom of the staff. The flag is to be raised again to the peak for a moment before it is lowered. On Memorial Day, the flag will be displayed at half-staff until noon and at full staff from noon to sunset.

The flag will be flown at half-staff in mourning for designated, principal government leaders and upon presidential or gubernatorial order.

“FLYING THE FLAG AT HALF-STAFF: The pertinent section of the Flag Code says, “by order of the President, the flag shall be flown at half-staff upon the death of principal figures of the United States Government and the Governor of a State, territory, or possession, as a mark of respect to their memory. In the event of the death of other officials or foreign dignitaries, the flag is to be displayed at half-staff according to Presidential orders, or in accordance with recognized customs or practices not inconsistent with law.

In the event of the death a present or former official of the government of any State, territory, or possession of the United States, the Governor of that state, territory, or possession may proclaim that the National flag shall be flown at half-staff.” The code also includes other related details including the specific length of time during which the flag should be displayed at half-staff, in the event of the death of a “principal figure”(e.g., 30 days for the death of a sitting or former President, 10 days for the death of a sitting Vice-President,etc.).

I will clean or mend the flag as needed.

And when the flag becomes weathered and worn, I will respectfully burn it and replace it. Like fire purifies and like the legendary Phoenix bird, MY flag will be born again. And then, I will read, the following words:

“Fourscore and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation or any nation so conceived and so dedicated can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living rather to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us–that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion–that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain, that this nation under God shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the earth.”

The Gettysburg Address, by Abraham Lincoln, November 19, 1863

I will respectfully, lovingly and proudly display this flag as I have said above, for as long as I am able or for as long as I can have others do this on my behalf. Once it goes up, if it does not fly, you will know it is because of inclement weather or that I have died, but God is still alive and the ideals of unalienable rights such as— Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, cannot die!

I will teach and share these things with our children, grandchildren, their children and anyone that may visit us here at sunrise or sunset at our home, ‘The Gathering Place.’

If these things offend you, do NOT visit us here or drive by at sunrise or sunset! I may not be able to do more for Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness, but I can NOT do anything less!

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And should this flag be so ordered to be flown upside down, if this nation is under distress or ceases to exist, I will not so fly it here. You may be offended by this post and this flag, hate it, despise it, spit on it, defecate on it, urinate on it, shoot it full of holes, and even burn it, but such an idea it represents, can never nor ever, be destroyed!

For more information about this flag, the flag code and flag etiquette and etc. see:

http://www.usflag.org/

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1 of WE the People
at The Gathering Place

The Star Spangled Banner

March 3, 2015

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Today in history

 

StarSpangledBannerIn 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote new words for a well-known drinking song, “To Anacreon in Heaven,” to celebrate America’s recent victory over the British. However, only in 1931, following a twenty-year effort during which more than forty bills and joint resolutions were introduced in Congress, was a law finally signed proclaiming “The Star Spangled Banner” to be the national anthem of the United States.

On March 3, 1961, ‘The Star Spangled Banner, became the national anthem of the United States of America. “The Star-Spangled Banner” was recognized for official use first, by the U.S. Navy in 1889 and by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in 1916. It took a twenty-year effort during which more than forty bills and joint resolutions were introduced in Congress. Finally, it became law and the national anthem by, a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1508, codified at 36 U.S.C. § 301), which was signed by President Herbert Hoover.

The lyrics come from “Defence of Fort M’Henry”, a poem written in 1814 by the 35-year-old lawyer and amateur poet Francis Scott Key after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by British ships of the Royal Navy in the Chesapeake Bay during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.

The poem was set to the tune of a popular British ‘drinking’ song written by John Stafford Smith for the Anacreontic Society, a men’s social club in London. “To Anacreon in Heaven” (or “The Anacreontic Song”), with various lyrics, was already popular in the United States. Set to Key’s poem and renamed “The Star-Spangled Banner”, it would soon become a well-known American patriotic song.

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With a range of one octave and one fifth (a semitone more than an octave and a half), it is known for being difficult to sing. Although the poem has four stanzas, only the first is commonly sung today.